Chinese scientists created the world's first AI commander in a PLA laboratory and locked it in a cage.

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The groundbreaking research project was made public in a peer-reviewed paper published in the Chinese-language journal Common Control & Simulation in May. The team, led by senior engineer Jia Chunxing, said the project offered a “viable” solution to a growing problem, despite AI technology having both potential and risks in military applications.

In China, the military must strictly adhere to the principle: “The party commands the gun.” Only the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China has the authority to mobilize the PLA.

As AI technology Gains the ability to make independent decisions, forward deployed units including drones and Robotic dogs Greater freedom of movement and firepower is granted. But at headquarters, command authority rests firmly in human hands.
The PLA has developed a number of operational plans for potential military conflicts in such areas. Taiwan And South China Sea. An essential task for scientists is to test these plans in simulations, “weighing the good from the bad and gaining insight into the chaos of war,” Jia and his colleagues wrote.

Campaign-level military simulations often require the participation of human commanders to make on-the-spot decisions in response to unforeseen events. But the number and availability of senior PLA commanders is very limited, making it impossible for them to participate in large-scale combat exercises.

“Current joint operation simulation systems suffer from poor simulation experimental results due to the lack of joint battle-level command entities,” the researchers said.


Xi Jinping, Joe Biden hold talks on the sidelines of the APEC summit to ease US-China tensions.

Xi Jinping, Joe Biden hold talks on the sidelines of the APEC summit to ease US-China tensions.

An AI commander can stand in for human commanders when they cannot participate in large-scale virtual warfare or exercise command authority. Within the confines of the laboratory, it can use this power independently without human intervention.

“The top-level commander is the single primary decision-making body for the overall operation, with ultimate decision-making responsibilities and authority,” Jia and his colleagues wrote. This is the highest-level role that has been publicly reported. A.I In military research
For example, the US military's AI serves only as a “commander's virtual staff,” providing decision support. KAI Pilots US Air Force According to Jaya's team, only participate in frontline training and don't interfere in war room operations.
Different senior PLA commanders have different fighting styles. For example, General Peng Dehui wreaked havoc on American forces through unexpected rapid attacks and infiltrations. Korean War. Like American General George Patton, Peng advocated victory through threats.

On the other hand, General Lin Biao, famous for his successes against the Japanese and Kuomintang armies, avoided risk and boasted a complex decision-making style similar to that of British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery.

Jay's team said that the AI ​​commander's initial configuration reflects an experienced and brilliant strategist, “possessing the right brainpower, a determined and steadfast, capable of analyzing situations and making decisions in a calm manner.” , devoid of emotional or impulsive decisions, and quick to strategize. Practical plans by recalling similar decision-making scenarios”.

However, this arrangement is not set in stone.

“The virtual commander's personality can be fine-tuned if deemed necessary,” he added.

Under extreme stress, humans “struggle to construct a fully rational decision-making framework under tight timelines,” Jia's team said.


Researchers in Singapore use AI to read the brain through brain scans.

Researchers in Singapore use AI to read the brain through brain scans.

Instead of using pure analysis, the AI ​​commander relies more on empirical knowledge for his combat decisions, finding satisfactory solutions, retrieving similar scenarios from memory and quickly developing an actionable plan.

However, humans are also forgetful. To mimic this critical weakness, scientists have also imposed a size limit based on the AI ​​commander's decision-making knowledge. When the memory limit is reached, some cognitive units will be thrown away.

Enables AI Commander. PLA To perform large numbers of “human-out-of-the-loop” combat simulations. It identifies new threats, plans and makes the best decisions based on the overall situation when battles are short or results are low. It also learns and adapts from victories and defeats.

All this happens without any human intervention, “supporting ease of actionability, high efficiency and repeatable experimentation,” Jia's team said.

Countries around the world are locked in a race for AI military applications, with China and the United States leading the charge.

While Beijing and Washington While trying not to advance in this important domain, they express concerns about the threat to human security posed by the unchecked development of AI.
There have been senior officials from China, the United States and Russia. Negotiations Developing a set of regulations to reduce the risks of AI militancy, including preventing AI from gaining control of nuclear weapons.
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